Power Grid Review: Surge Ahead of the Competition with Skill and Ingenuity


Power Grid Review

Have you ever thought about what it would be like to compete in a cutthroat energy market, battling to provide power to the masses? Welcome to our Power Grid review, a deep dive into this electrifying game of economic strategy and network expansion. As a long-time board game enthusiast, I’ve sat down with Power Grid numerous times, navigating the fluctuating market and growing my power grid.

I’ve chosen to review Power Grid now, not only because of its enduring popularity since its release nearly two decades ago, but also due to its fresh relevance in today’s conversations about energy and sustainability. Throughout this review, we’ll traverse the game’s deep mechanics, captivating gameplay, and strategic depth. While the game may present some challenges to newcomers, I assure you, the spark of strategic brilliance it offers is well worth the effort.

Just The Facts

Key FactDetails
Game TitlePower Grid
DesignerFriedemann Friese
PublisherRio Grande Games
ThemeEconomic, Power Industry
GenreAuction/Bidding, Economic, Route/Network Building
Target AudienceStrategy gamers, Economic enthusiasts
Age Range12+
Number of Players2-6
Game Duration120 Minutes
Complexity LevelMedium-High
Game ObjectiveManage resources, bid wisely and build a power network
Difficulty LevelIntermediate
Similar GamesTicket to Ride, Brass: Birmingham
AwardsSpiel des Jahres Recommended (2004), International Gamers Award – General Strategy (2004)
Release Date2004

Game Overview

At the heart of Power Grid lies a thrilling, intense economic competition that captures players’ attention from the get-go. Designed by Friedemann Friese and published by Rio Grande Games, Power Grid combines resource management, strategic bidding, and network expansion into a well-crafted game package that has captivated board gamers since its release in 2004.

The crux of Power Grid revolves around players taking on the role of savvy business owners, tasked with the ambitious objective of powering the most cities through their ever-growing energy grid. Participants start by acquiring power plants at auction, collecting various resources (coal, oil, garbage, uranium) to fuel their plants, and then expand their network into new cities. The game mechanics operate on a supply and demand principle. As players expand, resources become scarcer, leading to an intriguing market dynamic. The player who powers the most cities at the end of the game, emerges victorious.

Components and Artwork

A key factor to the allure of Power Grid lies in the components’ quality and durability. The game features a double-sided board, illustrating two different maps (USA and Germany) to offer a touch of variety and replayability. The player pieces are sturdy wooden tokens, ensuring longevity, while the power plants and resources are represented by heavy-duty cardboard tokens. The money used in the game is bright paper currency, which, though not as durable as some might prefer, adds a level of charm to the overall package.

The artwork, while not as flamboyant as some fantasy or sci-fi board games, is distinctly suitable for the game’s economic theme. The power plants’ illustrations are detailed, providing a realistic touch, while the maps have been designed with simplicity and clarity in mind, ensuring easy comprehension of geographical relationships. The aesthetic is clean and functional, allowing players to focus on the strategy rather than unnecessary distractions. The artwork and the components together enhance the overall experience, immersing players in the world of energy production and consumption.

Gameplay Experience

To immerse oneself in the game of Power Grid is to navigate a landscape of strategic decision-making, ripe with the intricacies of energy economy. Gameplay begins with an auction phase, where players bid on power plants, a process which hinges on balancing the value of available power plants against the players’ available resources. This initial bidding war is where the first whiff of intrigue wafts in, as players grapple with reading opponents’ strategies while protecting their own.

Once the power plants have been purchased, players proceed to the market to buy resources: coal, oil, garbage, and uranium. The market mechanics mimic real-world economics with finesse – resources are cheaper when in high supply and become pricier as they become scarce. A deftly managed market strategy becomes a critical gameplay element as the game progresses.

The gameplay in Power Grid is richly layered, blending strategy and a smidgen of luck. One of the game’s standout aspects is the “catch-up” mechanic. The player who is behind has the advantage in the power plant auction and resource buying phases, maintaining a competitive balance. It helps prevent one player from running away with the lead and keeps the endgame suspenseful. The blend of strategic depth, economic theory, and interactive gameplay lends itself to a fulfilling gaming experience that keeps players engrossed till the very end.

Theme and Immersion

When it comes to theme integration, Power Grid excels. Each element of the game from power plant auctions, to resource buying, to city expansion, screams energy economy. The feeling of operating a growing energy empire is tangible. Although the theme of resource management and energy production may sound dry on paper, the game brings it to life in a surprisingly engaging way.

The immersion factor is maintained by the ever-fluctuating market conditions and the constant strategizing necessary to stay competitive. While Power Grid does not offer a storyline or narrative elements, the inherent competition drives engagement. Players are not merely passive observers but active participants in the world of energy production and distribution, juggling resources, and devising strategies for expansion.


Few games offer the level of replayability that Power Grid brings to the table. With two different maps (USA and Germany) included in the base game, the strategy changes with each playthrough. This is further enhanced by the randomness of the power plant market and the variability of the resource market. Every decision, every bid, and every purchase matters, making every game a new exploration of strategies.

The game’s design also encourages experimentation with different strategies. From focusing on certain types of power plants to aggressively expanding into new cities, the game allows players to approach it from different angles, offering fresh experiences with each playthrough. The modular nature of Power Grid‘s mechanics keeps players coming back for more, driven by the allure of perfecting their strategies and besting their opponents. The game remains evergreen, offering an irresistible challenge every time it’s brought to the table.

Player Interaction and Engagement

Power Grid is not a game that allows for passive gameplay. Every turn sees an intricate dance of player interaction, from the tense auction of power plants to outmaneuvering opponents in the resource market and city network expansion. The game encourages competition and negotiation, keeping player engagement levels high throughout. Every decision made by a player can influence the game’s course, leading to an immersive experience.

A standout feature of Power Grid is its balance between cooperation and competition. While players compete against each other to power the most cities, the need to keep the energy market stable brings in an element of cooperation. This dynamic interplay creates a fascinating social dynamic, ensuring that no two games ever feel the same.

The game also allows for emergent gameplay, where players can create unofficial alliances or rivalries. This fluidity in player interaction enhances the overall experience and adds an extra layer of strategy to an already complex game. The sense of engagement and involvement throughout the gameplay creates a memorable and captivating experience for all players.

Learning Curve and Accessibility

Power Grid is a medium-high complexity game and does require an investment in learning the rules. However, the game has been designed with a detailed rulebook that clearly explains the game mechanics and phases. For visual learners, there are several excellent tutorials and play-through videos available online that can aid in understanding the gameplay.

The game’s complexity makes it less suitable for younger players or those new to strategic board games. However, for players familiar with resource management and auction mechanics, the rules can be grasped relatively quickly. The complexity of the game is also one of its strengths, allowing for a depth of strategy and replayability that will appeal to seasoned gamers.

Despite its learning curve, Power Grid shines in its accessibility in terms of gameplay. Although it presents a challenging puzzle, the basic mechanics are straightforward. Players buy power plants, acquire resources, and expand their network. The nuanced strategy that these simple actions can lead to is part of what makes Power Grid a standout in the world of board games.

Strategies, Tactics and Tips

Strategizing in Power Grid is an art of balance. Here are some tactics to enhance your gameplay:

  • Early Game Power Plants: Invest in efficient power plants early on. Although they might be expensive, they provide a solid foundation for your power network.
  • Resource Hoarding: If you have enough cash, buying more resources than you need can be a useful strategy to make them pricier for your opponents.
  • Geographical Expansion: Aim to expand your network geographically rather than vertically. Controlling more cities can provide a significant advantage.
  • Stay in Second: In the early game, being in second place can be beneficial. The player who’s behind gets the first chance at new power plants and resources.
  • Diversify: Don’t stick to one type of resource. Diversifying your power plants can help you stay flexible and adaptive to the market’s changing conditions.

Remember, mastering Power Grid is all about understanding the market dynamics and using that knowledge to your advantage. The game rewards strategic thinking, planning, and foresight.


Power Grid has several expansions to its name that add new layers of strategy and replayability. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Power Grid: France/Italy Expansion: Introduces two new maps and a slew of power plants, with each map offering unique rules and gameplay mechanics. France focuses on nuclear power while Italy has more expensive connections.
  • Power Grid: Benelux/Central Europe Expansion: Again offers two new maps. Central Europe restricts nuclear power, while the Benelux region focuses on ecological power.
  • Power Grid: China/Korea Expansion: This expansion offers a different way to play with its two new maps. Korea has two resource markets, while China has a predetermined power plant market.
  • Power Grid: Brazil/Spain & Portugal Expansion: This brings two new maps to the table. Brazil introduces a new resource, biogas, while Spain & Portugal offer a mechanic where nuclear power is less attractive.
  • Power Grid: Russia/Japan Expansion: Here, Russia introduces a market that’s harsh on larger players, while Japan focuses on small networks and has two separated resource markets.
  • Power Grid: Quebec/Baden-Württemberg Expansion: This expansion adds Quebec, which features a unique hydropower plant mechanic, and Baden-Württemberg, which challenges players with a combined resource and power plant market.
  • Power Grid: Northern Europe/United Kingdom & Ireland Expansion: Northern Europe map offers challenges with ecological power plants, while the UK & Ireland map introduces a mechanic of long-distance connections.
  • Power Grid: Australia/Indian Subcontinent Expansion: This expansion introduces Uranium that’s more valuable in Australia and cheaper in the Indian Subcontinent. Australia also adds a mechanic for brush fires, while the Indian Subcontinent has restrictions on the network’s growth.
  • Power Grid: Middle East/South Africa Expansion: This expansion brings two new maps. The Middle East map introduces oil as a much more important resource, while the South Africa map has a mechanic for gold and diamond mining.
  • Power Grid: Fabled Expansion: This expansion introduces a campaign mode to Power Grid, with new power plants and additional components, providing a narrative-driven experience.

Each expansion provides new opportunities and challenges, enhancing the overall Power Grid experience by adding unique mechanics and refreshing gameplay elements.

Comparison to Similar Games

In the world of strategic board games, Power Grid stands shoulder to shoulder with some of the industry’s giants. Games like Ticket to Ride and Settlers of Catan also offer players the thrill of building and expanding networks. However, Power Grid takes this mechanic a step further, intricately weaving in an economic system that delivers a unique and complex gameplay experience.

When compared to Ticket to Ride, Power Grid offers a higher level of strategic depth, particularly with its market dynamics and auction system. While both games provide a satisfying sense of growth and development, the economic dimension of Power Grid may appeal to those who enjoy a game with a more intricate strategy.

Compared to Settlers of Catan, Power Grid presents a different approach to resource management, one that feels more realistic and directly tied to player actions. The fluctuating market of Power Grid adds a layer of challenge and complexity that can make for a more engaging and dynamic game.

Hits and Misses


  • Strategic Depth: The interplay between auction, resource market, and city expansion makes for a game of deep strategic complexity.
  • Replayability: The game’s inherent variability offers a fresh experience every time it’s played.
  • Player Interaction: High level of player engagement with intricate player interaction makes for a dynamic and thrilling gameplay experience.
  • Theme Integration: The theme is well integrated into the game mechanics, providing a sense of immersion and engagement.


  • Learning Curve: The game’s complexity may be off-putting for beginners or younger players.
  • Game Length: Games can be long, especially with more players or with players who suffer from analysis paralysis.
  • Lack of Narrative: Though the theme is well-executed, some players may miss a narrative or storyline element in the game.

Power Grid Review: Final Thoughts and Verdict

Navigating the world of Power Grid is a journey filled with strategic depth, dynamic player interactions, and an engaging gameplay experience. While it may take a few rounds to fully grasp the complexity, the reward is a satisfying and engaging game that keeps players coming back for more.

Its theme integration and immersion factor are standout features, bringing the world of energy production to your table in a fun and engaging way. However, its length and complexity might be a turnoff for some, particularly beginners or those who prefer shorter, less intricate games.

Given the thoughtful mechanics, replayability, and high level of player interaction, Power Grid receives a well-deserved 8/10. It’s a game that would suit strategy game enthusiasts, those who enjoy economic themes, or anyone looking for a deep, engaging board game to dig into. As always, we encourage you to look at the details, consider your personal preferences and make an informed decision about whether Power Grid is the right game for you.

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Power Grid Review FAQ

How long does a game of Power Grid typically take to play?

A game of Power Grid typically takes 120-150 minutes. This can vary based on the number of players and familiarity with the game.

What age is Power Grid suitable for?

The game is recommended for players aged 12 and above due to its complexity and strategic depth.

Can you play Power Grid with two players?

Yes, you can play Power Grid with two players, although the game experience is often considered better with more players due to increased interaction and competition.

How does the auction process work in Power Grid?

In each round of Power Grid, players bid on power plants in an auction. The auction continues until each player has the opportunity to buy a power plant or pass their turn. The player with the highest bid wins the power plant.

How is the winner determined in Power Grid?

The winner of Power Grid is the player who can power the most cities with their power grid when the game ends.

Are the Power Grid expansions standalone games?

No, the expansions for Power Grid are not standalone. They require the base game to play and offer new maps, rules variations, and gameplay twists.

What is the optimal strategy for Power Grid?

Power Grid is a highly strategic game, and there isn’t a single “best” strategy. It requires a balance of efficient resource management, smart auctioning, and strategic network expansion. The key is to adapt your strategy based on the actions of other players and the state of the resource market.

How does the resource restock work in Power Grid?

At the end of each round, resources are added to the resource market based on a table in the rulebook. The amount of resources added depends on the number of players in the game.

Are there any differences between the editions of Power Grid?

Different editions of Power Grid might have minor rule changes or component upgrades. However, the core gameplay remains the same. Be sure to consult the rulebook of your specific edition to clarify any differences.

Is Power Grid a heavy game?

While not the heaviest game on the market, Power Grid is considered a medium-heavy game. It requires strategic thinking and planning, and it has a depth of mechanics, including auctions, resource management, and route building.

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